("red and yellow")
|Adopted||28 May 1785
|December 19, 1978
|Designer||Antonio Valdés y Bazán|
The National flag of Spain (Bandera de España) consists three horizontal bands of red (top), yellow (double width), and red with the national coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band.
Flag of Spain
The origin of the current flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán. The flag remained marine for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks, and other naval property. During the Peninsular War, the flag could also be found on marine regiments fighting inland. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit (The La Princesa Regiment) provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain would make the flag official.
What is Spanish flag?
Spain flag is a horizontal triband of red, yellow (double width) and red with the Spanish coat of arms is placed off-centred toward the hoist.
What is the popular nickname for Spain flag?
Spain flag is colloquially known as "la Rojigualda" (meaning "the red-weld" or "the red-yellow") as its official colors are defined by the Spanish Constitution as Red and Weld-Yellow
In 1785, King Charles III wanted a distinct flag for his country to avoid confusion occurred at sea. So, he ordered to his Minister of the Navy to present several models of flags to him, having to be visible from great distances. He chose, from a set of 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán, a flag with unequal horizontal stripes of red-yellow-red with the national arms on the yellow near the hoist as it was clearly distinguishable from those of other countries. The red and yellow colors are related to those of the oldest Spanish kingdoms: Aragon, Castile, Leon, and Navarre. The flag became the Naval ensign for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property. In 1843, Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official national flag. The current version, adopted on December 6, 1978, incorporated a modified coat of arms - the crown is prominently displayed to honour the role of the monarchy in the modern Spanish state while retaining the shields of the old Spanish kingdoms and the Pillars of Hercules.
Spain flag history
The middle yellow band is half the width of the flag and each red band is one-quarter of the width of the flag. The flag should be 1.5 times longer than the width. From the hoist side, the center of the Coat of Arms should be at half the width of the flag. The height of the Coat of Arms should be 40% of the width of the flag
Spain flag dimensions
Flag Red (Rojo Bandera) Hex: #AA151B; RGB: 170:21:27
Flag Weld-Yellow (Amarillo-gualda Bandera) Hex: #F1BF00; RGB: 241:191:0The red and yellow colors are related to those of the oldest Spanish kingdoms: Aragon, Castile, Leon, and Navarre. The Spanish Royal Decree 441/1981 of 27 February 1981 did not specify any official meaning or significance to the colors. The colors of the Spain flag are officially defined by the Spanish Royal Decree 441/1981 of 27 February 1981
Coat of Arms on the Spanish flag
The coat of arms on the flag of Spain shows the Spanish royal crown above a blazon that is quartered to display the emblems of the traditional kingdoms of Spain (clockwise from upper left, Castile, Leon, Navarre, and Aragon) and overall an escutcheon Azure bordure Gules, three fleurs-de-lys Or (for the regnant House of Bourbon-Anjou) while Granada is represented by the stylized pomegranate at the bottom of the shield; the arms are framed by two columns representing the Pillars of Hercules, which are the two promontories (Gibraltar and Ceuta) on either side of the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar; the red scroll across the two columns bears the imperial motto of "Plus Ultra" (further beyond) referring to Spanish lands beyond Europe
The Royal Standard of Spain is the official flag of the King of Spain. It comprises a crimson square, the traditional colour of both Castilian and Spanish monarchs, with the coat of arms of the King in the center. It is raised over the official royal residence in Madrid, the Palacio de la Zarzuela, and other Spanish royal sites when the monarch is in residence. It was adopted when Felipe VI was enthroned as King of Spain on 19 June 2014.
Royal Standard of Spain
The flag can only be flown horizontally from public buildings, private homes, businesses, ships, town squares, or during official ceremonies. While the flag should be flown from sunrise to sunset, government offices in Spain and abroad must fly the flag on a 24-hour basis (during the night, it must be properly lit). The flags must conform to the legal standards, and cannot be soiled or damaged in any way.
Spain flag display rules
For mourning activities, the flag can be flown in either of the following ways.
The first method, commonly known as half-staffing, is performed when the flag is hoisted to the top of the flagpole, then lowered to the pole's one-third position.
The other method is to attach a black ribbon to a flag that is permanently affixed to a staff. The ribbon itself should be ten centimetres wide and should be attached to the mast so that the ends of the ribbon reach the bottom of the flag.
During the funeral ceremony, the flag may be used to cover the coffins of government officials, soldiers and persons designated by an act of the President; these flags are later folded and presented to the next of kin before interment.
When flying the Spanish flag with other flags, the following is the correct order of precedence:
When foreign flags are used alongside the Spanish flag, the flags are sorted according to their countries' names in the Spanish language. The only exception is when the Congress or meeting held in Spain dictates a different language to be used for sorting. The flag of Europe has been hoisted since Spain became a member of the Union. While not mentioned by name in the law, the flag of NATO can be used in Spain, since it belongs to that organization as well.
When unfurled in the presence of other flags, the national flag must not have smaller dimensions and must be situated in a prominent, honorable place, according to the relevant protocol.